Wednesday, 31 May 2017


              Above -  Amanda Vick of the Gitxan First Nation of Canada at the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) 16th Session, 24th April - 5th May 2017

Amanda Vick has a 'serious beauty' about her, you can sense that she is a no-nonsense person, incorruptibly committed to holding the great mirror of injustice and double standards up to the collective faces of the dominant (I say 'domineering') non-indigenous majority of the Neo-Colonial state known as Canada, lets not play semantic games..for technically ALL the Political Nation States of the Western Hemisphere (with the possible sole exception of Bolivia) are either Colonial - or Neo Colonial regimes - to greater or lesser degrees, they are all arcane origin imitation European social models where a privileged few reign supremely as untouchables - over  the vast majority whom they disdainfully  consider to be 'their subjects''...and despite International Human Rights Laws and conventions being EXPLICITLY CLEAR on this matter - these Neo-Colonial & Colonial mentality persons live in perpetual denial...never wanting to admit that they actually have NO legitimate right to deny/usurp/suppress  the very REAL and LEGITIMATE Sovereign status of ALL the indigenous Nations of the ''Americas''....only the lingering Colonial era egotistical racist spiritual cancer that has consumed much of their being keeps the non-indigenous majority blind to this FACT.

It would be almost comical - were it not such a gross continuing violation of human rights, to hear them (non-indigenous settler societies) talk about their '''right' to have (and govern) a political Nation-state erected ON the lands of other peoples who were & still ARE the de-facto landlords - whom their ancestors invaded, murdered and stole from in the first place ....but then think that the landlords do not have a GREATER legal right to actually have and Govern THEIR OWN LANDS than the thieves and heirs of historical criminal enterprises who still illegally rule over them!
At the very LEGAL MINIMUM least - you have to accept that we too have every right to have our own indigenous Political Nation-States with  seats in the United Nations alongside yours, that is just the legal reality you are going to have to accept one day, as we are never going to stop fighting to regain what we have a birthright to as equal human beings.
Amanda is just one of our unsilenceable voices, but we have many, and we are getting louder every year.

It was indeed an honor and privilege for me to have met her and been allowed through Amanda - to hear the voice of native victims of the residential school nightmare - as has happened to her many family member survivors. But that was not all I learned from Amanda...that infamous Highway of Tears in Canada happens to run through Gitxan territory, 18 women murdered - most of them Gitxan women - over a 40 year time period...but the most hurtful part is this...the Canadian Government and local authorities only erected signs on the Highway for the white Canadian victims....this reveals the lingering racism in Canada that their projected public global 'good guy' image does NOT reveal...the majority of native girls lives lost are somehow 'not as important' to dominant white Canadian society.
The SHOCKING National Canadian statistics for missing/murdered women is 4200, and 80% of those victims are native Canadians...the vast majority of cases remain unsolved to this day.

Amanda was in New York attending the 16th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues at UN Headquarters, and she received a pre-UNPFII training course taught by  respected Indigenous Rights expert Andrea Carmen of the International Indian Treaty Council/IITC, and co-mentored by Ghazali Ohorella (Alifaru), Damon Corrie (Lokono-Arawak), Tai Pellicier (Taino-Arawak), and Victor Anthony Lopez-Carmen (Yaqui & Lakota).

In the raw un-edited video clips below, our beautiful indigenous sister Amanda Vick of the Gitxan Tribal Nation of Canada, speaks briefly about the fact that the despicable Residential School system in Canada, and about the Alcoholism crisis that was ALSO deliberately created (as a self-perpetuating tool for indigenous cultural destruction) by non-indigenous colonizers who invaded native territories.

Amanda also speaks briefly about a TABOO that most Canadians do NOT want to admit, namely that the Government IMPOSED - and THE CHURCH ENFORCED on indigenous Canadian children - a carefully designed premeditated system for self-perpetuating cultural genocide.

Stolen  from their own families, their native languages literally beaten and tortured out of them, their native spirituality sexually eviscerated from their innocent souls by Bible quoting Pedophiles, all in a Colonial inspired RACIST attempt to eradicate indigenous identity in Canada and create brown skinned imitation Europeans who are broken in every way conceivable instead, sexual molestation of native children by native adults was NEVER documented as EVER occurring in native communities before the residential school created entire generations of native children who were sexually molested by priests & nuns (primarily)...and who (as crime statistics show) often grow up to become abusers themselves unfortunately.






Amanda in her Tribal Link Project Access Training Program in New York City, at UNDP Headquarters

Amanda in her own Tribal Lands 

                                                           Amanda - the serious beauty


 Proud Aborigine Rod Little of Australia (above & below), photos by Ghazali Ohorella

Rod Little is a big man - so I noticed him as soon as I entered the room, most Aboriginal men I have met at the United Nations have been giants compared to the average man alive today, all of them seem to be over 6 feet tall, for theirs has always been an ancient and mighty race, know to have been inhabiting Australia for at least 60,000 years - a time span that covers the period when Neanderthals still (and last) dominated in Europe!

However, Rod prefers to listen before he speaks, so he spent the greater part of the first day of his training absorbing information...but when he does decide to speak, everyone listens. Not just because you can sense the raw emotion and truth in all that he is saying...but for me it was like having the privilege of being in the presence of my maternal grandfather once again...and I did not want the moment to end (because my grandfather died when I was 6 years old and I never got to hear his words of wisdom growing up...not directly anyway...only through my mum and her siblings who faithfully repeated them to me and my siblings).

Rod has that Grandfatherly love and wise counsel countenance about him, and I had no idea that a movie about a true sad story of Australia's Aborigines - that I watched with my family and shed a tear over - was HIS family's story! I am talking about the critically acclaimed movie called 'Rabbit-Proof-Fence''. So it was a great honor to hear him talk about his aunts (whom the movie was about), yet saddening again to hear how white Australian nurses in the hospital in his elderly aunts final days were still referring to aboriginal grandmother for heavens sake - as 'that dirty black bitch'' (because they did not understand that she was asking to go to the bathroom in her own language and so they ignored her, and then blame her for the inevitable result of bodily movements when you are bedridden and too old to get up and go to relieve yourself on your own.

Our Aboriginal elder brother Rod Little (Co-Chair of the National Congress of Australia''s First Peoples) speaks briefly in the raw unedited clips below  about his own childhood trauma of being forcibly taken away from his family and sent to a Church run Mission residential school in Australia where abuse of Aboriginal children was rampant, yet he RETURNED to spend parts of the holiday (the one time each year these kids could get free of this nightmarish place and temporarily return to their families) to comfort those other Aboriginal children who had no family to go back to (because they were either all dead or whereabouts unknown). Only a true human being of noble character would do such a thing for the sake of others - and at such a young age - just a child himself - as well.

Rod was in New York attending the 16th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues at UN Headquarters, and he received a pre-UNPFII training course offered by the Tribal Link Foundation - called Project Access ....taught by  respected Indigenous Rights expert Andrea Carmen of the International Indian Treaty Council/IITC, and co-mentored by Ghazali Ohorella (Alifaru), Damon Corrie (Lokono-Arawak), Tai Pellicier (Taino-Arawak), and Victor Anthony Lopez-Carmen (Yaqui & Lakota).


You should note that the famous and gut-wrenchingly sad documentary movie that was made about some Aboriginal victims of the Australian Residential School system - a movie called 'Rabbit-proof Fence' was actually made about Rods family.



Monday, 29 May 2017


 We lived in freedom and governed our own lands
Europeans came  pretending to be friends
 But they invaded & annexed our lands
 They conquered all they could
Then they tried to kill all they couldn't
But they could not kill all of us


Hunting North American Indians in Barbados
Patricia Penn Hilden
University of California, Berkeley
May, 2002

This is a story. It is an abbreviated story of a quest, one that is far from finished. It begins with my first meeting with the great Caribbean poet, Kamau Brathwaite, on a rainy night in Canterbury, England, where Brathwaite was giving the first of three T.S. Eliot Lectures. That night, I heard him sing and drum and chant the echoes of West Africa, sounds he had found in Barbados, sounds he had heard as a child but which he hadn't then recognized because of the opposing cacophony of "Lil' England" noise then prevalent in Bajan identity formation. 

As I listened, I found myself thinking two things: first, that the indigenous sounds of North America were similarly muted, and even silenced, in our own version of "Lil' Englandism", and second, that something in what he was doing recalled an Indian amongst that African sound. At that time, I only wondered, though I began to talk to Kamau about this idea as the years passed and our friendship grew.

Then I visited Kamau Brathwaite in Barbados and he took me to look for Indians, in this case, the Arawaks, who had "disappeared" almost immediately after the first contact with Europeans, their diseases and their guns. We sought a site around a point at Pico. Brathwaite has written of this place, in Barabajan Poems.

"Now, final, Bathsheba. But we must include the
whole wild Maroon coast from RiverBay right
round to Pico & the miracle of Cove the ancient
 Amerindian religious settlement, through Cattlewash.

 to Martin's Bay and congoRock  & Con-setts in the distance..."

We didn't find Pico that day, though I have been there since. It remains a sacred place, despite the depredations of artifact-hungry archaeologists, who have lifted as much as possible of the indigenous material history of the island and placed it inside the post-independence Barbados Museum, where it lies in a special room designated "prehistory", producing a "heritage" for contemporary Barbadians in a manner familiar in North America.

But despite this assignment of Arawaks to a "pre-European, pre-African past", I continued to find Indians in Barbados. I kept seeing "Indian" place names, hearing "Indian" sounds. I knew, of course, that Indian slaves had come from South America and from the Mexican coast. But I knew also that many thousands of North America's indigenous peoples had been captured and sold into slavery. 

In fact, near the end of the 17th century, the Wampanoag leader, Metacomet, known to the English as King Philip, had warned New England's tribal people: "these people from the unknown world will cut down our groves, spoil our hunting and planting grounds, and drive us and our children from the graves of our parents and our council fires, and enslave our women and children." 

 I knew that tribal people had worked across the colonies, enslaved in households and workshops, on farms and in fisheries. I knew, too, that Indian slaves worked side by side with African slaves, constituting 1/3 of the slaves in early 18th century South Carolina, for example. Moreover, a handful of historians, Almon Lauber in 1913, followed by Caroline Foreman (1943) and Jack Forbes (1993), had argued that the trade in North American Indian slaves did not limit itself to the North American colonies or even to the trade between America and Europe. So I began to wonder if some North American Indians had not formed part of the slave population in Barbados and thus possibly provided the sources for the place names - "Indian Pond," "Indian Ground," "Indian Corner" - that dot the Barbados landscape. My quest had begun.

I started in the National Archives of Barbados, looking first, rather randomly, through late 17th century records. I quickly discovered that all the myriad - and hopeless - efforts to regulate and control slave rebellion referred consistently to "African and other slaves". But I knew that Indian slaves had also been brought from Guyana and from Venezuela, so these could well have been the "others" referred to. Then I came across the following act, dated June 1676:

            "Act to Prohibit the Bringing of Indian Slaves to this Island"
"This Act is passed to prevent the bringing of Indian slaves and as well to send away and transport those already brought to this island from New England and the adjacent colonies, being thought a people of too subtle, bloody and dangerous inclination to be and remain here....."

So there I had it: clear evidence that North America Indian people had indeed worked in Barbados's sugar plantation world. I then took up Richard Hall's Acts Passed in the Island of Barbados from 1643-1762.3 Here, too, were the tantalizing suggestions hidden in the language of more efforts to halt or prevent rebellion. I have time to read only a few:
27 October 1692: "An Act for the encouragement of all Negroes and other slaves that shall discover any conspiracy..."

----------------------: "An Act for prohibiting sale of rum or other strong liquor to any Negro or other Slave..."
----------------------: "An Act for the encouragement of such Negroes and other slaves that shall behave themselves courageously against the enemy in time of invasions (manumitted if two white men proved that they killed an enemy)..."

And even more specific wording:
6 January 1708: "An Act to prevent the vessels that trade here, to and from Martinico or elsewhere, from carrying off any Negro, Indian, or Mulattoe slaves...."

11 November 1731: "Act for amending an Act...entitled 'Act for the Governing of Negroes and for providing a proper maintenance and support for such Negroes, Indians, or Mulattoes as hereafter shall be manumitted or set free...."

Then a diversion. I encountered the only person who had then written about Indian slavery in Barbados, Jerome Handler. In 1968 he had written about the 1676 law but, knowing nothing of the history of North American Indian slavery, had reached different conclusions. Handler argued that North American natives formed only a minuscule, and therefore insignificant, number of Barbadian slaves. All the geographical references to "Indians", he insisted, referred only to Caribs or Arawaks, or to Indians brought from South America or the other Caribbean islands. "By the end of the first few decades of the eighteenth century," Handler wrote, there are few traces of [North American Indians] existing as a distinctive sub-cultural group."

But "traces," I knew, are more significant than Handler allowed. Stubbornly, I went on looking.

There were words, and here are a few:

At the beginning of the 18th century, in a South Carolina peopled by Indians, Africans, and Europeans, where Charleston formed the heart of the bustling North American-Caribbean slave trade, "mustee" meant people born of all three. In 1770, another word. In Scotland a Society of Gentlemen offered this definition of "mulatto" in their Encyclopedia Britannica: or a Dictionary of Arts and Sciences: "Mulatto: a name given in the Indies to those who are begotten by a Negro man on an Indian woman, or an Indian man on a Negro woman."

At the same time, North American colonial history was replete with references to Indians captured and sold into the slave trade, references often riddled with stereotypes born, as we shall see below, from the first moments of African Indian slavery. James Axtell, a noted scholar of the colonial era, offered a typical version of events: "The English incited 'civil' war between the tribes....[then] rewarded one side for producing Indian slaves who were then sold to the West Indies, often for more biddable black slaves."

 Axtell's absurd assertion, that "black slaves" were more desirable because more tractable, is repeated across United States history. Here is Yasuhide Kawashima, writing of Pequot warriors captured after escaping the Puritans' genocidal attempt to exterminate their people in the 1630s.7 After capture, they were "sold to the West Indies in exchange for more docile Blacks who became the first Negro slaves in New England." There are others like these two, purveying the same general idea, though with varying degrees of bigotry.

How did this stereotype of willing Black slaves and rebellious Indian slaves arise? Mason Wade offers a clue: "The Biloxi and New Orleans attempted to use Indian slaves to work the tobacco plantations but these ran away and it was decided to import Blacks from the French West Indies."

Of course. Indians could run away - to their own tribes, to other Indians, to escaped Black slaves in the many maroon communities that soon grew up wherever there was African slavery. So long as they were home, Indians knew where they were - much better than any European, as the records of Indian rescues of witless Europeans attest. Rather than trading boatloads of rebellious Indians for cargoes of "biddable" Africans, it is surely more likely that the English - in New England, Virginia, Barbados, and elsewhere - rounded up and exported any leaders or fomenters of rebellions, whether African or Indian. Removed from whatever place and community they knew, they were perhaps more easily subdued, more easily reduced to a state of hopeless exhaustion characteristic of any dislocated, enslaved peoples. (But it should be reiterated here that the laws of the Barbados Assembly testify eloquently to the constancy with which enslaved peoples continued to rebel, to run.)

Still, some more recent histories take a different view. Jill Lepore's In the Name of War, which narrates the Europeans' version of King Philip's War, takes note of the exchange of African and Indian slaves without characterizing either as "tractable" or "biddable." Indeed, she links Nathaniel Saltonstall's Continuation of the State of New-England, together with an Account of the Intended Rebellion of the Negroes in the Barbados, published in London in 1676, to the simultaneous revolt of New England Indians. "Terrified English colonists in Barbadoes believed that the Africans had 'intended to murther all the white people there,' just as panicked English colonists in New England feared that the Indians had 'risen almost round the countrey.'" 

She concludes, "the parallels between the two uprisings were uncanny and profoundly disquieting." Moreover, Governor Berkeley of Virginia complained in that same year that "the New England Indian infection had spread." And Barbados's panicky governor, Jonathan Atkins, had sent a similar warning to London shortly before: "the ships from New England still bring advice of burning, killing, and destroying daily done by the Indians and the infection extends as far as Maryland and Virginia."

So there is some hope for the overturning of this canard. Still, this stereotype, once spread through the colonies, continued for a long time to "justify" the importation of vast numbers of Africans to "replace" the "disappearing" Indians who were, of course, being sold for profit to the Caribbean. However scarce, Indians continued to be captured and sold to Barbados. After the 1670 founding of Charlestown by Sir John Colleton and his fellow Barbadians, dozens more landless Barbadians flocked to the area where they quickly replicated Barbados economic and social practices. Anthony MacFarlane tells us, "there ominous sign that [Carolina] would eventually follow [Barbados's] path, in that the settlers took Indians as slaves, both for their own use and for export to the West Indies."

 As commodities on the slave market, Indians were quite valuable. In neighboring Virginia in that era, "a child was worth more than her weight in deerskins; a single adult slave was equal in value to the leather produced in 2 years of hunting...By the latter half of the 17th century, if not before," Joel Martin reports, "slavery was big business in Virginia, an important part of the English trading regime."

Marking the historical moments when the British sold captive Indians into the Caribbean slave trade is possible. Every single rebellion against the invaders, beginning with the first organized resistance to the Virginians at the beginning of the 17th century and continuing through the Pequot genocide (1630s), and Metacom's Rebellion (1675-76), produced Indian slaves for the Caribbean trade. The slave trade was extensive. There is room here for only a few examples. 

The Carolinians waged a long struggle with Spain in Florida, the fruits of which were often captive Indians. Between 1702 and 1707, thousands of missionized Indians - already trained into docility and servitude - were sold into the Caribbean. The next year, Englishmen in the Carolinas seized between 10,000 and 12,000 more Christianized Indians and quickly dispatched them to slave islands in the West Indies. 

The Tuscaroras and Yamassees were so afflicted by these English colonial practices that both nations went to war to try to stop it. Both paid a heavy price, though the Tuscaroras survived. When they inevitably lost their 1711 war, the entire surviving population managed to flee north where they found refuge with the five nations of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, ultimately surviving as the sixth nation of a confederation that continues today. 

The Yamassees, some of whom were part of the missionized Indians captured earlier, waged a long war against this slave trade, a war that lasted from 1715-28. They paid the ultimate price, their defeat signaling the virtual disappearance of the Yamassee nation though some survivors fled to other nations or to one of the hundreds of maroon communities across southeastern North America. A few years later, the defeat of the great pan-Indian rebellion of 1736-66, led by the famous war chief Pontiac, sent still more Indians on their way to Caribbean cane houses and cane fields. And from all the other invaded regions of North America came more rebellions, more slaves.

All the years between these markers, all over North America, slave raids and violent conflict produced humans for sale. The "Plantation Records" of the Barbados Museum and Historical Society carry these few documentary fragments. In 1630, John Winthrop sold an Indian to John Mainford of Barbadoes. Two decades later, Richard Ligon visited the island and recorded his "true and exact history", published upon his return to London in 1657.  Ligon recorded many encounters with "Indian" slaves, many working in the houses of his hosts. One woman taught him how to make corn pone by "scaring it very fine (and it will fall out as fine as the finest wheat-flower in England....)."  Indian men slaves made "perino", a drink "for their own drinking...made of Cassavy root, which I told you is a strong poyson; and this they cause their old wives, who have a small remainder of teeth, to chaw and spit out into water...." 

Ligon liked the Indians he met. He remarked, "As for the Indians, we have but few, and those fetcht from other Countries;...which we make slaves; the women who are better vers'd in ordering the Cassavie and making bread then (sic) the Negroes, we imploy for that purpose, as also for making Mobbie: the men we use for footmen and killing of fish, which they are good at; with their own bowes and arrows they will go out; and in a dayes time, kill as much fish as will serve a family of a dozen persons two or three dayes....They are very active men, and apt to learn anything sooner than the Negroes....they are much craftier and subtler then the Negroes; and in their nature falser; but in their bodies more active..."
Of course generations of African diaspora scholars have demolished this kind of reading of the behavior of African slaves - wiser than the Indians in not leaping to do the bidding of owners and far "subtler" in keeping their attitudes to themselves. But that Ligon so admired these Indians suggests the extent to which the Barbadian plantocracy shared these views and was anxious to accumulate more such people.

Shortly after Ligon's return home, the Barbados Museum records tell us, a large number of Narragansetts from Connecticut were sold to Barbados. In 1668, at least one Indian slave was sent from Boston to the island while in 1700, a "big sale" of Indians from North America to the West Indies occurred. A year later, in 1701, Acolapissa Indian captives were sold by Virginians into the Caribbean.

The early 18th century saw no end to this trade though the bulk of the market may have begun to shift to the French speaking Caribbean as the British continued their conquest westward and as the French continued to use the slave trade's profits to support their war efforts.  In 1729 the Louisiana French, together with their Choctaw allies, put an end to constant Natchez Indian revolts, capturing the Natchez war leader, Great Sun, plus some 480 others, and selling them all to the West Indies. The capture and sale of Natchez people to the islands continued until, one historian notes bleakly, by 1742 "the Natchez tribe had virtually disappeared."

Small little markers - ephemeral traces - but signs nonetheless of a vast dislocation, a terrible colonial "trail of tears" as later forced removals came to be known. Indians slaves were useful; Indians slaves were profitable; Indian slaves left behind land for the Europeans to steal.


The quest continues, and there isn't time to narrate the further fragments I have found. But it is clear to me now that Indian voices, muted, mixed in the "Negroe, Indian, and Mulattoe" slave worlds of the 17th and 18th centuries, form an as yet little heard chorus, mixed into the complicated sounds of Barbados that Kamau Brathwaite has given that nation and the world. Even as I listened to Kamau sing us the drumming sounds of Mile and a Quarter that drizzly night in Canterbury, I really did hear, too, the softer sounds audible nearby at "Indian Groun(d)" (now a Seventh Day Adventist Church), these the sounds of the houmfort, the tonelle, the music of his Great Uncle Bob'ob the Ogoun (and the sounds of prejudice: "white man better than red man better than black man"). It was not a fantasy. Hearing Brathwaite, I was hearing our Indian sounds, too, the drumming, the sounds of moccasined feet dancing the earth.


The extent of the trade in North American Indians that I and others are beginning to document becomes clearer with each foray into the archives. And increasingly the question becomes why the silence? I think there are two basic reasons. First, the overculture silence is easily explained by the fact that its historians never want to come to terms with a bloody and terrible past. 

The acknowledgment of African slavery by  U.S. historians took decades of struggle by African American scholars and activists. That the indigenous genocide hidden behind all United States history has yet to be recognized is, like the issue of Indian slavery, due to the powerlessness of indigenous peoples and - it must be said - to their own reluctance. 

The trade in Indian slaves was profitable both to whites and to Indians, and in many cases, the capture and sale would never have reached the extent it did without the active participation of indigenous people themselves. In a time when indigenous peoples are struggling to re-write their own histories, tell their own stories, interpret their own literatures in their own indigenous ways, research not surprisingly focuses less on the painful histories of collaboration and inter-tribal warfare and more on resistance and struggle. But the whole story, the entire past, matters - to all of us. And so this work must be done. 

Beyond the enriching of Native America's own history, as well as that of the overculture, there are other implications buried within this quest. Here, too, scholars of the African diaspora have given us a crucial lead, and we must follow it. A few examples only. As Judith Carney has painstakingly recorded the African roots of southern rice production, so Indian scholars must add the Indian roots of that same agriculture. 

As Michael Gomez has shown us with precision the African origins of southern slaves, so we must try to track our own peoples as they disappeared into the vast maw of the West Indian slave markets. As Kamau Brathwaite has recorded the African cultural roots of Bajan identity, so we must add the North American Indian contribution - to the Bajan world, as well as to the world across the Caribbean. It is time, as I realize again every time I am swamped by invitations to come to Jamaica, to the Dominican Republic, to Haiti, to Martinique and Guadeloupe, to Cuba, and back to Barbados whenever I speak of this work. Women I meet tell me that their old grannies have always told the grandchildren that they were Indian as well as African. They want me to come tell these ladies that this is so and why before their grannies die. Others - Caribbean people now living in the United States - recount similar family stories, tales that always before seemed preposterous to many of their hearers, or tales that many argued linked people of African descent only to the Arawaks or Caribs but never, ever to North American Indians.

But perhaps it is more than this. Perhaps for us indigenous scholars, it is just now, at last, time. In the words of Haitian scholar Michel-Rolph Trouillot:
"At some stage, for reasons that are themselves historical, most often spurred by controversy, collectivities experience the need to impose a test of credibility on certain events and narratives because it matters to them whether these events are true or false, whether these stories are fact or fiction."



                                           Above and below Nepuyo & Kalinago in Trinidad

                                                Above and below - Kalinagos in Dominica

                                                         Tainos in Jamaica (above)
                                            Above and below - Kalinagos in Saint Vincent

                                         Above - me with two Taino women in Baracoa Cuba

                          Above and below - some of the 100 Lokono-Arawaks in Barbados

                                                 Above and below - Tainos in Puerto Rico



 Jumma Indigenous toddler with leg nearly chopped off by non-indigenous Bengali settlers invading Jumma territory
      The little Jumma boys mother (pics above & below) who did not survive the attack

  The Bangladesh Government is so ignorant they ordered this bogus welcome sign at their International Airport have the word Índigenous' (you see in pic above) deleted from the poster below, which is what you see now when you arrive there.
 In the photo below you see PROOF that the Bangladesh military is supporting and protecting the Bengali illegal settlers on their murderous rampages, you see the Army behind them observing - never stopping them.

People in the Commonwealth only think of Bangladesh as being 'that country next to India with a sometimes good cricket team', and Cricket fans may recall the happy dancing Indigenous Christian & Buddhist Jumma women the Bangladesh government paraded for the cameras during the Cricket World Cup - in order to fool the world that Bangladesh is a happy country with no indigenous problems worth fact - if you listen to the idiot who is the First Secretary of the Bangladesh Government's Mission in New York, he actually said "There are no indigenous People in Bangladesh". 
YET, you can see from an OFFICIAL Bangladesh government poster I have attached which reads "Indigenous women in Bangladesh" (which was re-edited after this ignorance was uttered by the First Secretary to delete the word 'Indigenous' from the posters - also attached here for photographic proof) that the Neo-Colonial government of Bangladesh is not to be trusted on this issue...let's not play those silly diplomatic games and politely refrain from calling a spade a spade, when it comes to their violations of Indigenous peoples within their over-extended borders - the Government of Bangladesh is led by a very low calibre of persons that we in the Caribbean prefer to describe as 'Bold-faced Liars'. 
And just for the record - I enthusiastically invite the Government of Bangladesh to sue me - I would welcome the chance to keep highlighting their gross human rights violations in the worlds media and will be very grateful for their help in doing so by taking me to Court. Any publicity is good publicity they say!   

Ladies and gentlemen, what I am about to tell you AND show you may very likely make you sick to your stomach - especially with the photographic evidence attached.
I cannot tell you the real name of the hero who smuggled this information out of the Chittagong Hills and supplied it to me, for he would be assassinated by the Bangladesh military like so many other indigenous heroes who tried to get the TRUTH out to the wider world before him. 
We shall just call him 'Runu Jumma' - in honor of the late great war hero of the Jumma Tribes of the Chittagong Hills, who successfully fought the British...who were themselves the first outsiders in recent history to invade and attempt to conquer this beautiful and remote area. 
The British eventually had to sue for peace - as they could not win the Guerrilla war of liberation waged by these valiant tribesmen in their mountain stronghold. In the face of the tyranny they endure to this day - why did they stop the armed struggle you may ask?
Well, they gave peace a chance because in 1997 the Danish Government brokered in good faith - a Peace Accord between the Bangladesh Government and the Indigenous Jumma Freedom Fighters, the Jumma handed over all of their weapons (their biggest mistake) and upheld their end of the agreement, but the Bangladesh Government is YET to uphold their end of the agreement some 15 year later - and to the contrary have continued their murderous rampage leaving the Government of Denmark to shoulder the guilt of disarming a violently oppressed people who are now completely defenseless - like lambs to the slaughter....did I not describe the Bangladesh Government as being led by bold faced liars? I rest my case! 
It should be clear to everyone by now that the only option the Jumma have left is to re-arm and continue to fight the just war of self defense that they had been fighting before 1997.
It is very easy for someone far out of harms way to mouth empty wishful-thinking words such as 'violence solves nothing', for these types do not have to endure the daily horrors that the Jumma of Bangladesh do; even the preamble of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights says that the use of violence in defense against tyranny IS JUSTIFIED UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW.  

The Chittagong Hills is an area under the illegal military occupation by the government of Bangladesh...a thoroughly criminal political entity that encouraged AND still protects the 400,000 non-indigenous Muslim Bengali settlers (from 1979 to 1985 alone) who invaded and annexed Christian & Buddhist indigenous Jumma tribal lands; because the Bangladeshi government promised them military protection and food if they took the land that belonged to someone else! You can even see the Bangladesh Military in one of the photos in the background as illegal Bengali settlers rampage in the foreground!
To further help the Bengali illegal settlers to STAY on the indigenous Jumma lands that they have stolen - the government of Bangladesh started giving their settler proxies a monthly ration of 85 kg of food per family in 1979 - an 'ethnic cleansing insurance policy' if you will - which continues to the present day. These are all violations of Article 8 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Today, there are an estimated 500,000 illegal Bengali in the Chittagong Hills area of Bangladesh, in 1947 before the Bengali illegal occupation the non-Indigenous population in the Chittagong Hills was only 2%, with 98% being Indigenous Jumma tribes. Today 50% of residents in the Chittagong Hills are non-indigenous. This is a clear example of state sanctioned ethnic cleansing, and my indigenous brothers and sisters need to be alert to the ulterior motives of the Neo-Colonial states of the world who are fond of changing the indigenous demographics in order to force assimilation policies onto indigenous peoples in violation of their Internationally recognized human rights. When Indigenous Peoples begin to see non-indigenous people flooding into their territories, they should start making preparations for the inevitable war that will follow! History repeats itself in this regard. 

The vast majority of indigenous Jumma children in the Chittagong Hills cannot attend school due to the precarious lives they have been forced to lead since the Bengali invasion began (see report here), schools are on average over 6 miles away from indigenous villages and often these frightened children have to pass military checkpoints and settler homesteads - and the raping of Jumma schoolgirls by both Bangladesh Soldiers and Bengali settlers is rampant.
Little wonder then that only 8% of Jumma children complete Primary School, with only 2% completing Secondary School.  
For those who make it to the classrooms - they face racist treatment by Bengali teachers who enforce a Bengali language curriculum on indigenous children who speak their OWN languages and do not understand the difficult Bengali alphabet. This too is a violation of the rights of Indigenous Peoples to be educated in their OWN languages and in their OWN communities - according to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Article 14, and numerous other International Laws and Conventions).   

Just when you think that things could not get any worse - the Government of Bangladesh has recently passed a new law that forbids ANY financial assistance being given to the Jumma Indigenous Peoples, here is a direct quote: "No financial endowments can be given to any student or their guardians or any other individual". Do you know why these demented criminals that run the Bangladesh government passed this law? It was not for the outright lies and convenient excuses they listed about 'national security' (sound familiar?) etc, the REAL reason was because more indigenous children were getting an education (albeit briefly - before the draconian law was enforced) with the humanitarian aid they were receiving from sympathetic donors outside of the country; but all of that is gone now. 

Ladies and Gentlemen of the Jury (of the Court of Public Opinion), I ask you it not a GROSS insult to the conscience of all who believe in Justice, Equity, and the rule of Civilized Laws...for Bangladesh to be THE biggest contributor of Soldiers to United Nations Peacekeeping operations around the world; whilst at the same time being guilty of the most heinous human rights abuses in Asia in their OWN country!
Were we not collectively shocked (due to the 'poor innocent Bangladesh' propaganda public image that we were used to) at the time when the news aired reporting on Bangladesh UN peacekeepers stationed in Sudan who committed rapes of young African girls? (see news article here). However, now that we have learned where this criminal modus operandi was rehearsed - and upon whom - such news shall not surprise us any longer - for these uniformed criminals have been thoroughly exposed for the GENOCIDAL VILLAINS that they are! 

Sunday, 28 May 2017


References to acts of cannibalism are sprinkled throughout many religious and historical documents, such as reports of cooked human flesh being sold in 11th-century English markets during times of famine. Here, an engraving by Theodor de Bry depicts hungry Spaniards cutting down the bodies of thieves hanged by Pedro de Mendoza in order to eat them. (© Stapleton Collection/Corbis)

Did you ever wonder why Judaism and Islam forbid the eating of pork? It is NOT because they knew it was one of the most difficult meats to completely free of parasites when cooking it....but it ACTUALLY has to do with a global ancient bad habit of CANNIBALISM, yes...don't think it had nothing to do with you...for I can safely GUARANTEE you that at least ONE of your ancestors in the last 10,000 years ate human was still fairly common in Europe just over 1,000 years ago - when another name for humans was 'long pig''....why 'pig' you wonder?

Well simply because (as one person I personally know who HAS eaten human flesh told me) ''Human flesh tastes just like Pork, and you know how most people considered bacon and picnic ham to be so irresistibly delicious? Well some parts of the human body taste JUST like wonder cannibals love to eat human meat so much (as Bacon and Picnic Hams ARE very tasty as anyone who eats them knows).
THIS is why those religions forbade their devotees from eating Pork, because cannibalism was also a VERY widespread practice in the middle East up until the spread of Islam which finally officially ended this practice in the region (though it continued in Europe all through the Dark Ages - from 500-1,000 AD still).
So TECHNICALLY, Arabs had stopped practicing Cannibalism before Europeans, yet Europeans consider the Arabs to have been 'savages'' and imagine themselves (Europeans) to have been the epitome of çivilized behaviour'' careful now - ignorance of the truth can make you believe all kinds of fanciful lies. In England during times of famine up until 1000 years ago human flesh was sold in meat markets openly.

Do you know that French citizens would routinely take cups to Guillotine executions to collect the spewing blood of the victims of those beheadings - because they believed the warm human blood had çurative'properties...and after Egyptian mummies began to be exported back to France in great numbers in Napoleons time - even eating pieces of mummies was practiced by those who could afford to buy the pieces of mummified human flesh cut off the ancient corpses like one would carve up a Thanksgiving Turkey...ALL of these practices are technically cannibalism folks, and this was STILL going on in 'highly civilised' Europe less than 250 years ago.

Remember this fact if you are a white person and you feel tempted to condemn anyone for practicing cannibalism - as if it had nothing to do with your own ancestors as well.


Wednesday, 24 May 2017


I saw footage at the UN this year of the kids of birth defects babies can have due to this chemical - it it looked exactly like a baby that was born recently on Pakuri Territory in Guyana and died.

JIMMY CARTER WAS THE LAST MORAL PRESIDENT OF THE USA - NO FINANCIAL, SEXUAL, CRIMINAL OF HUMAN RIGHTS SCANDALS WERE EVER ASSOCIATED WITH HIM PERSONALLY IN HIS ENTIRE LIFE (unlike the rest that followed him). All his enemies can point to is the US Embassy siege in Iran...without mentioning that his political enemies used back-door channels to the Iranian regime to ensure the American hostages would only be released AFTER Carter left office - to make Reagan look more 'heroic' (yeah - he 'brought the hostages home'...whatever).
Despite all the devotees of ALL the various Presidents since Carter - to the present day, Jimmy Carter was the ONLY US President to BAN the unscrupulous Chemical Industry in America from exporting their products (which were deemed dangerous to human health and banned from sale in the USA) - to other countries (mostly 3rd world developing countries who did not research the banned status of these chemicals in their country of manufacture (assuming if the USA is allowed to sell it - it must be ok), in other cases rich importers & distributors in developing countries who only cared about profit and not the lives of their own less affluent countrymen - also knowingly imported cheap (and dangerous) chemicals in order to turn a quick profit for themselves.

Reagan came in to office and on the 38th day of his Presidency he had overturned Carters ban - and given the green light for American Chemical manufacturers to resume poisoning the world in order to enrich themselves....and NO President from Reagan to Obama - has EVER put this ban back into forgive me for not being a blind cheerleader for how 'great' any American President since Carter has ever been....ALL of his successors have let Corporate lobbyists squeeze them by the testicles and cave in to whatever big business wants....and THAT is the damn ugly truth!
In the USA they have a revolving door of 'Corporate convenience' where EPA & FDA officials leave positions of power there - and take up positions of power in the Chemical Industry - where they lobby their successors to support the Chemical Industry (including Companies like Monsanto)...they even had an EPA head who WAS a Monsanto senior official before taking the EPA head job - then retired from the EPA and went back to why the HELL do you think you can 'trust' the official reports of the EPA saying certain toxic chemicals are not dangerous to human health but are instead 'safe'? Are you THAT stupid! These kinds of fabricated reports to ensure continued business by the Chemical Industry are BLATANT to anyone who bothers to look at where these 'trusted' officials have been employed before landing these big Government jobs (and where they run back to once they leave these jobs)'s one big stinking revolving door of corruption.



                             John F. Kennedy Junior - the Greatest President who never was

This question comes up a lot what I am asked by others to peer into their future and then tell the person what I see before them. I do this for myself often as I don''t like unpleasant surprises, I prefer to know what is coming and prepare for it.

Another fact most humans have a hard time accepting IS that there exists a hierarchy in the spirit world just as there does in the mortal world, you nor I will ever be équal'with the Creator, though we may share some of its gifts....and as there are a minority of ascended masters of great spiritual wisdom and understanding, there is a great majority of spiritually ignorant souls at various lower levels of conscious development below them. We are not all équal at any given point in time'' - we only have a equal opportunity to develop spiritually...but there will always be those above us, those alongside us, and those below us. - at all times.

We each will do something of great importance EVENTUALLY, but not in every physical life, in most of our physical lives we will have a generally mediocre existence, just learning little lessons and not imparting anything of wider significance or higher benefit to anyone it your spiritual kindergarten, which is followed by a spiritual primary school, then a spiritually High School, then a spiritual College, then a spiritual each stage your ignorance diminishes and your understanding grows...but you can become a spiritual 'drop-out' too...and remain a spiritual 'dunce; for as long as YOU wish till your mortal life is over...then you have to 'repeat' your class over in your next mortal life till you eventually advance.
As you progress over many lives and many eons of man, you will eventually be ready to 'graduate with honors' and it is at this level all the 'great' people in human history - the spiritual wisdom teachers become known to humanity.
We cannot ALL be leaders at the same time, but rest assured ONE-DAY you will become a leader in one field of endeavour or human society as well - near the end of your 'school for the soul''....but accept the fact that you will play the role of follower/learner for the greatest part of your mortal experiences on Earth.
However, some assume because I said something to them that later comes true, that this means everything is predetermined so we are just going through the motions like automatons...and - certain things are going to occur that cannot be changed - whether we like it or not.
That is INCORRECT, we ALSO have the gift of FREE WILL - and so does everyone else....'destiny' is the preferable path YOU selected as a soul of divine conscious energy for yourself before you embarked on your 'physical reality' school for the soul....but YOU or someone else CAN alter your preferred spiritually pre-selected destiny once here IN the physical perception of reality...because ACTIONS HAVE CONSEQUENCES.
You can stay on the path of the positive and serve the light in every age and complete your time here with dignity, or you can choose to begin following the path of negativity and serve the darkness and end your time here in really IS your decision, you can even begin in one direction, divert, then decide to make amends and return to the right path (or wrong path) is all rendered via your Free Will.

Take JFK jr as a great (albeit sad) example, his selected prefered destiny WAS to become a Democrat Presidential candidate and he WAS going to win by a large margin, he WAS also going to become one of the greatest American presidents ever - even more loved than his father....had he not chosen of his own free will - to fly his plane at night even though he actually was not qualified to do so and barely had any flight experience under his belt.

One of his flight instructors offered to fly with him that night, but Mr. Kennedy said ''he wanted to do it alone,'' the instructor told the investigators who prepared the report.

Mr. Kennedy, who had not yet qualified for flying with instruments alone (as opposed to seeing visual cues through the windows), probably had less than one hour's experience flying his plane at night without an instructor, the report said. It noted that a common cause of crashes among pilots untrained in instrument flying was taking off when visibility was good (a situation known as Visual Flight Rules, or V.F.R.) but flying into conditions where it was not, making the piloting more difficult than they can handle.

In this case, the report said, the condition was haze that obscured the horizon. Pilots who cannot see the horizon must rely on instruments to tell if they are in level flight or if they are banking. But a disoriented pilot can bank a plane into a fatal spiral.

The report cited six kinds of illusion that can lead to disorientation, without stipulating which one came into play in this case. ''Spatial disorientation as a result of continued V.F.R. flight into adverse weather conditions is regularly near the top of the cause/factor list in annual statistics on fatal aircraft accidents,'' the report said.

Using the autopilot would have helped, according to aviation experts, because it is not subject to disorientation, but Mr. Kennedy was flying his plane manually.

''Flying at night over featureless terrain or water, and particularly in haze or in overcast, is a prime setup for spatial disorientation, because you've lost the horizon,'' said Warren Morningstar, a spokesman for the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association.

So the only person that altered JFK jr's destiny was HIS OWN ACT OF FREE WILL, you see - no-one else can change your important destiny except YOU. Even in cases where it may APPEAR that the person who had an important role to fill was killed by another - and you are tempted to believe that some other person was able to alter the victims destiny....if you investigate the matter spiritually - you will discover that it STILL boils down to FREE WILL, the person who WOULD have done something of great importance had a voice in their head/gut instinct telling them NOT to get in that car with their drunk friend at the wheel, or NOT to go down that lonely alley, or to wear that bullet-proof vest at all times - but this time they decided not to etc...but they ignored these 3rd party/esoteric warnings and CHOSE to do something that put themselves in harms way...and then their destiny was altered/ended.

I have told a few people who will become powerful political leaders in the future of their destinies as they did not remember that they had themselves selected this for themselves in the spirit world before volunteering to come here in this mortal lifetime, for a 'veil of forgetfulness' is part of the price we agree to pay to cross over from the spiritual into the physical (only a few remember and this is so that they can help remind others who did not remember - of what they came here to accomplish).... however if any of these people decide on their own free will - to commit suicide tomorrow, that does not mean their destiny was incorrect, it only means that they themselves CHOSE to alter their pre-selected destiny (and as I said - our ACTIONS HAVE CONSEQUENCES), it is as simple as that....then they realise their error once they are back in spiritual form and they have to return again in another mortal existence in a different body to begin the process of fulfilling that destiny all over again...even though it will seem (in our current mortal perception of time and space) that 'decades are wasted in order to ''reset' important destinies such as this case of JFK Jr. (who has already re-incarnated into a body in the Kennedy family - for he will win the Presidency and fulfill his destiny AS a Kennedy)....a thousand mortal years is a mere cosmic second to the Great mystery.

Patrick Kennedy, his wife Amy Petitgout Kennedy, and their children Owen (the re-incarnated John FK jr), Harper, Nora and baby Nell