Tuesday, 31 March 2015


 Indigenous Peoples all over South America go through hard times. That is nothing new. Rather the continuity for the last half millennium. Yet, what is going on in Paraguay is beyond imagination of people who do not live there. PLEASE GET INVOLVED. You CAN make the difference. To halt or at least ease this pressure. All it needs is a few minutes of your time.

Downtown Asunción: Dire Symbolism in the photo above. I’m an autonomous worker in the field of tourism. I design so-called gentle and deep tours and guide visitors. All over South America, but mainly in Brazil (where I live), Paraguay (where I have lived before), Uruguay and the areas to both sides of the Bolivian-Argentinean boarder. That, however, is just half of the truth. Because I am also an ethnologist turned activist. This other professional half of me, though, doesn't stand for any income. Quite the contrary. And this is the reason that I started working also with visitors some 20 years ago. To keep the main work going. What I will do now might seem a little crazy. And maybe it is. Yet I have been carefully thinking and came to the conclusion that I have to act this way: I ask you NOT to visit Paraguay.

Of course you, interested in South American, human rights and/or Amerindian topics, will ask why. And I have the difficult task to try to reasonably explain why in as few sentences as possible. Since even without being a journalist I know that (almost) nobody in today’s occidental ego-way of permanent rush hour life has any time (left to spare).

At Indigenous communicators’ conferences (held here in South America) I got to know indigenous people from all over the world. And know that the even in places like Canada or Russia Indigenous Peoples have to defend themselves (and Mother Earth) against an ongoing global lethal project. And I’m also aware that one should not make comparisons when it comes to Human Rights (abuses). Yet, I dare to say that what is going on in Paraguay is beyond imagination of contemporary people who do not live in Paraguay or are not empirically acquainted with it. Last March I had been guiding a client on a specially designed tour through Southern Brazil, Paraguay and a chunk of Bolivia and (logically) took the opportunity to (re)visit Native friends.

Paraguay has “two heterogeneous halves”. The fertile (and smaller) East, and the barren West (the “Chaco”). The East is relatively densely populated. The Chaco is one of the least populated areas in the world. But when it comes to the (also ethnically and culturally very heterogeneous) Amerindian Peoples, both halves have much in common. Although Paraguay looks (to people afar, or to the visitor’s eye) very much like a country with strong and lively Indigenous signs, reality behind that first impression is dire. Yes, Paraguay was the first country to officially declare an offspring of Amerindian languages, the so-called “Guaraní”, one of its languages (besides Spanish). And once you’re out of the few big cities (like Asunción or Ciudad del Este) Guaraní indeed is spoken everywhere. And yes, whether you come into the country from Brazil or Argentina, the strikingly different phenotype you’ll meet on the Paraguayan side is strongly reminiscent of Guaraní People.

That is a lasting result of the Spanish intruders’ preference of (light-skinned) Guaraní women... And the following centuries with European women virtually absent from the country. But what about the real deal for Indigenous people in “modern” Paraguay? In almost all towns of the East you will find makeshift slums inhabited by them. Without any kind of infrastructure and totally abandoned by all levels of government. No surprise thus that the one and only source of income=survival, apart from occasional sales of handicraft, is prostitution. Especially child prostitution. Rampant and unhidden. Corrupt police (and believe me, there is NO corrupter police in the Americas then the Paraguayan!) earning their share.

Living conditions of Amerindians stranded in Paraguayan cities “Naturally” in border towns like Ciudad del Este this “business” is a visitor attraction. Every Brazilian cab driver (from Foz do Iguaçu) will know where to drive a “man” to who is looking for such service. But let me repeat: Ciudad del Este is NOT an exception. You find the same thing going on in Encarnación, Asunción, wherever. Urban intersections are places where Amerindian children often spend the day begging - In the less terrible case And that is just the visible part. Because much if not most of the abusing and raping goes on behind walls. Walls of very fine houses that is. House maids in wealthy urban households do often come from the countryside (to escape bitter poverty) and Indigenous girls are sought for. Their inexperience with urban life (and hypocrisy) makes them easy victims. They receive much less payment (if any) and have to serve the “man” of the house and often his sons. As kind of a “training tool”. Very few talk about it. Yet, everybody knows it. Now you might ask, why do Amerindian people, if the situation is that bad, leave their home in the first place. Well many are without a home. Without territory. Or with a territory too small to render enough food for all. Much less in order to live in some accordance with their traditional life style. Or their territory is constantly invaded and plundered. Not seldom by “official forces” like the army. Or by big land owner sponsored gangs. To fell and sell the last trees of noble wood. To catch slave labour. To plant cannabis which, due to its prohibition, stand for huge profits in neighboring Brazil and Argentina. And that is just the latest of the genocidal fronts against the aboriginal peoples, because Brazilian soya barons want them out of their mono-culture- über-alles way.

How powerful the Brazilian planters have become within Paraguay you may imagine by the fact that 80% of the land of Alto Parana department (the most fertile stripe of Paraguay) is meanwhile in Brazilian farmers’ possession. (And how Brazilian soya barons deal with Amerindians you may understand going to: http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/9311

Canindeyú department, near Curuguaty: The country is Paraguay - The land, though, is in Brazilian soya farmers' hands Paraguay’s judicial system is, at best, in kindergarten. Apart from being corrupt to the bone. Magistrates who want to do their job rightfully risk their life, when it comes to the concerns of the very powerful. That’s all still a vivid legacy of the longest-running American dictatorship of the twentieth century led by general Stroessner (a Nazi admirer and employer of Dr. Mengele) and upheld by the “Colorado Party”. The very same party that still is the strongest force in Paraguay and again holds the presidency today. Or, in other words, anything goes. As long as you have the money and your opponents are have-nots. Thus Paraguay has been producing (since the Stroessner days), especially in the very fertile lands next to the Brazilian border, increasing numbers of landless (land-robbed) small farmers and Amerindians on the run.

 A brief initiative of timid questioning of such customary national practice by president Lugo’s government was quickly resolved last year by a scarcely veiled coup d’état ran by the then vice-president and his Liberal Party that sorted things out again. In favour of agro-business and the very rich in general.

 No wonder thus that when I met my Aché friends (I actually only managed to recognize one) in the very same Curuguaty area (Canindeyú Department) again after over 20 years, to see their suffering “modernized” in their 780 hectare village of Arroyo Bandera. This very interesting people was one of the very last in the East (if not THE last) to be forced to give up “contact”-resistance and centuries old life style almost overnight in the 1970s a midst busy man-hunting enterprise to either enslave them or kill them off. (No, I did NOT mix up the centuries, I meant the 1970s! Not the 1870s. For more information on the Aché people see: http://www.public.asu.edu/~krhill3/Ache.html)

Arroyo Bandera, an Aché village of 200, surrounded by soya monoculture and constant victim of pesticide spraying from planes Modern times haven’t brought a change of the core goal but more subtle ways of proceeding. The soya business, any monoculture, isn’t “only” lethal to people it’s also lethal to the soil, the water, Life as a whole. Due to its need and use of absurd quantities of pesticides. Now guess what happens when you have a small Native American village surrounded by a soya baron’s or agribusiness owned land. In 21st century Paraguay. Even if the most skillful pilot would try to not hit the community with the gas being sprayed it would be impossible not to affect the entire community, their people, young and old, their livestock, their patches, their houses and schools. But they don’t make an effort anyway. Since it’s in accordance with the ultimate objective. Get rid of “the plague”. And incorporate the little tiny piece of land that’s still not under their “legal” control. Under such pressure and manipulation it is no wonder that Native communities clear their last remaining pieces of forests, just like the Guaraní community Mboy Jagua, neighbours to the Aché village of Arroyo Bandera, in order to “follow the leader” and also plant soya. The forest is cleared by machinery of the soya baron, a “help” that indebts the Amerindians, just like the “help” with the seeds and pesticides. So they lose their last islands of woods (where they could still get small prey, birds mainly, out of it and medicinal herbs) get indebted and join in such de-facto-slave-labourer conditions the soya business. Great deal for the soya barons. Game over for the last piece of forest of the Mboy Jagua Guaraní Yet, with all the poisoning and less food-for-eating production people tend to abandon the place. In search of something better. Anything different, that is. An act of desperation that washes them to the next city. Where they erect a shack made of pieces of plastic hood and boards from garbage pits. And where soon their child daughters will have to be on the game… Since public money never arrives this is the best building in Mboy Jagua:

Their brand new school - built with foreign private help And basically the same story goes for the Ava Guaraní, who were driven from their rightful lands when construction for the hydroelectric power plant at Itaipú, a tourist attraction today, started in 1975. And who are still waiting for a new place and compensation. Tidy clean genocide. The modern Paraguayan way. And that will go on and on until the last Native has fallen, as long as nobody DOES something against it NOW. Like you and me. And YES it MUST be you and me, because if you’d count on the Paraguayan authorities, you’d do something like betting on the NRA to ban weapons. When I took my client to the Chaco (the Paraguayan semi-arid West) I took advantage to meet with over a dozen of Native American leaders and with the bishop of Boquerón who is also in charge of the (catholic) pastoral indígena in Paraguay. And what I heard and saw on paper showed synchrony to the “developments” in the East. Although the Chaco climate and soils are by far not as suitable for profit-oriented monocultures as they are in the East, the very cheap price for land (the cheapest in South America) have increasingly attracted capitalists (“investors” is the preferred euphemism) from Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil, but also from North America and Europe. Yet, although these “locust entrepreneurs” (that’s my preferred way to call them) know that monopesticide-culture on such poor soils will leave, after only a few cash harvests, a complete and irreversible desert behind, in their neo-liberal “logic” it’s worth it. So land has been selling like hot rolls. And got scarce. But there are still “reserves”. With the problem though that these are Native American lands and by Paraguayan Constitution unmarketable.

Yet, what does a law count in Paraguay? Or, in clearer English: HOW MUCH does it count? Just the right sum for the right guy. And it is, at least for Paraguay insiders, just as little of a surprise that the very leading civil servants of INDI (Instituto Paraguayo del Indígena, the state authority to aid the Amerindians) sell Native American lands (with a few disguising tricks), than petty police officials “asking” foreigners for a “small contribution to the police forces of Paraguay” at any check point. Better: cash point. That IS Paraguay. Typical Chaco flora Native American communities only get aware of their sold land when the bulldozers arrive and start to clean the dry forests. Or, in remoter cases further away from the one main road, when helicopters come. Sometimes with people aboard who shoot at Native crowds on the ground in 'Preventive troublemaker cleansing'.
Yet, at least in one case, the Paraguayan way didn’t work out. So far. Since the business partners hadn’t reckoned with the militancy of the affected Guaraní Ñandéva and the “loud voice” of an ally of theirs, monsignor Alfert, the “Amerindians’ bishop”. Meeting of Amerindian leaders of the Chaco who fought back The Guaraní Ñandéva managed to organize a massive protest and brought the Transchaco Highway (the only paved road from and to Bolivia) to two successive standstills earlier this year. While the bishop brought the subject to and into the national media and the (then) president’s office. (Check: http://www.abc.com.py/edicion-impresa/locales/obispo-alfert-lamenta-que-elindi-haya-vendido-tierra-de-los-indigenas-548248.html)

The “Amerindians’ Bishop” Alfert. The sale of the 25.000 hectares of the Cuyabia area, constitutionally unsalable Native American land since 1996, to a Mrs. Julia Beatriz Vargas Meza on November 20, 2012 was officially questioned in writing by the Conferencia Episcopal Paraguaya and is since then in a judicial limbo situation. But the bulldozers were withdrawn. After Amerindian leaders from all over the Chaco made it clear that they would burn. If they wouldn’t be withdrawn. Yet, the future doesn’t look too bright. The bishop one day soon will be gone and in a world globalized under neo-liberal imperatives Amerindian communities who dare to resist and are actually a living and shining COUNTER-EXAMPLE to the lethal greed of the ruling model stand, logically, for a thorn in the flesh of big business. And they cannot expect any protection or even respect towards their constitutional rights from the Paraguayan authorities. As I have tried to expose to you briefly: quite the contrary. Along the Transchaco Highway I thus wish to close this report with the repetition of my appeal.

PLEASE GET INVOLVED. You CAN make the difference. By NOT including Paraguay in any near future holiday plans and BY MAKING “NOISE”. By spreading the word and the appeal via your own private communication network. By asking the teachers you know to include this contemporary subject of social studies and (abused) human rights in their educational work. And, last not least, by donating fifteen minutes of your precious time. In order to write an e-mail or a brief note of protest in which you notify your decision of NOT VISITING the country as long as such genocidal practice goes on and have it sent to the next Paraguayan representation (embassy or consulate). Or/plus give them a call. “International Solidarity” is not an empty phrase. As long as we don’t give in, thus making it one! One World – Many Cultures ArDaga

                              Living conditions of Amerindians stranded in Paraguayan cities

Urban intersections are places where Amerindian children often spend the day begging - In the less terrible case

                                                Urban Amerindian children’s bathroom

Canindeyú department, near Curuguaty: The country is Paraguay - The land, though, is in Brazilian soya farmers' hands

                                               Colorado Party headquarters in Asunción

Arroyo Bandera, an Aché village of 200, surrounded by soya monoculture and constant victim of pesticide spraying from planes

                            Game over for the last piece of forest of the Mboy Jagua Guaraní

Since public money never arrives this is the best building in Mboy Jagua: Their brand new school - built with foreign private help

                               Meeting of Amerindian leaders of the Chaco who fought back

                                            The “Amerindians’ Bishop” Monsignor Alfert.

Along the Transchaco Highway

Sunday, 29 March 2015


Someone asked me to explain something according to my own life experience - concerning the 'spirit' and 'soul' and whether the two are synonyms - or entirely different......from all I have seen, and experienced myself (as a man can only be guided by his own life experiences), I have come to the conclusion that just as many ancient scriptures have stated about "the spirit AND the soul of men" (speaking of them as two separate entities)....that we indeed have a 'Holy Trinity' of our own...it is a part of each and every one of us, for we are body, spirit AND soul.

Our body needs no explanation for we can see it - and therefore doubt it's existence not, only our spirit and soul are the subjects of much debate.
The spirit is merely the invisible 'carbon'-copy' of the physical body, some may recall the scientific experiment done years ago whereby a leaf from a tree was physically cut in half, then put under an electron microscope (or similar device) - and the severed part of the physical leaf was revealed to still exist but in some invisible (to the naked eye) electron particle form.....this not only proves the existence of what we call the 'spirit form' (which EVERY living thing has), but also confirms what indigenous holy sages all say - humans, all other animals - and even plants - have a physical AND spiritual form to them.

The Soul is something different, and it is unique to human beings, nothing alive needs to have a soul...but to experience this physical 'reality' - every soul needs a physical body to inhabit for a time here....the time required to gain the physical life experiences not possible in the place of perfection the soul comes from - precisely to 'enroll' in this 'school for the soul'...where the soul comes from there is no hunger, sorrow, sexual intimacy, fatigue, pain, disappointment, etc....only platonic never-ending love - the highest vibrational frequency of all.

The same way that even we in our much diminished limited understanding of the purpose and meaning of life - see the truth and wisdom in the saying 'experience is the greatest teacher' ....so too does the soul. This is why the soul within us chooses to come here, no soul is compelled to enter the physical reality, each soul volunteers.....but nothing is predetermined either, the soul does not flip through a divine catalog and say - ok I choose to inhabit the body of this person who will be raped as a child, or this man who will crash a plane full of people into a mountain and kill them all with himself as an adult.....for not only is there 'free will' of the body the soul inhabits to contend with, there is also the random unpredictability of the physical 'life' itself (actions causing reactions, get drunk throughout your pregnancy and you can expect a child to be born with neurological damage...did 'God' make your child that way? Or did your actions? Did you take a chemical pill to prevent pregnancy for years - then blame 'God' that your womb is now unable to bear children? Of course others can cause YOU to have problems as well, you might have been raped and given an STD as a little girl - that caused your womb to become destroyed for egg production, or physical trauma to that area of your body by repeated punches or kicks - can cause this, even slow poisoning your own body with unhealthy consumption for many years can cause this....but none of that was  'God's fault either...it is never 'God's will' than any child be harmed - and anyone teaching you that God will punish the children for their parents sins - is a fool, so do not apportion blame where it does not belong, the ill deeds of the parents MAY cause harm to their own children...but recognize where the blame truly lies - in the actions of the parents themselves....I tell you solemnly that one skilled in the dark arts - if they invest enough of their energy into it - CAN cause harm to your child, never underestimate the ability of strong-willed humans to cause good AND/OR ill in the lives of others - but this CAN also be reversed/defeated by the divine)....

However, the above being said....certain 'Macro significant' (Wars, major natural disasters etc.) events ARE foreseen in the place of perfection, because time and space are not the linear construct of mortal man's assumption (even Einstein realized this) but are like a 'time stream' that flows in a circular manner, allowing for past, future to be accessed in tandem with the present.
So if you lived through a war (for example) - you knew as a pre-incarnate soul - that the body you were coming here to co-inhabit would live through this war - and you brought special skills to help that human being cope with it better.
An example of a 'micro significant' event would be anything mundane (you did NOT foresee that the Kardashians would be a popular TV show on Earth during your life here now), nor did you foresee that drinking milk would cause you to fart like a rotting corpse to the torment of others who smell your farts in this lifetime. Even an event that effects YOU greatly, but effects no-one else, can be deemed to be a 'micro significant' event....when many suffer (or when many rejoice) - such an event generates a huge 'spiritual signature' on the cosmic radar screen of the universe, and it stands out IN time AND for 'all time'.....those meant to understand these metaphors I give - will.

There is also the biological impulses of the physical body to contend with....the soul does not get sexually aroused at the sight of a naked human body...but the hormonal biological impulse of the body it is inhabiting usually will, if the soul is exerting a greater influence on the body & spirit it can 'control' these urges...if the body and spirit is exerting greater control on the soul it will give in to these biological urges & tendencies and the soul will experience the temporary sexual bliss that will ensue (which can become addictive).

We may look at a dog, it has no soul and therefore has no sexual restraint, it will gladly have sex with it's own children and make children anew with them....some humans (thankfully rarely) behave like these soul-less dogs, they seek sexual gratification any way they can obtain it....if a soul is in control of a human body it will realize that to do such things is immoral and wrong - and it will not do such things.   When you see people with no morals, it is not because they have no soul...it is merely a case of the animalistic physical body and it's carbon copy spirit (both governed by the physical/biological brain like any other animal) being in control of THAT person - and doing what any other animal would do, with no sense of shame or guilt.      

But wanton lust is not the ONLY sign that a person's soul is NOT in control of their body, a selfish, greedy, fearful, violent, substance addicted, etc. individual is ALSO not being controlled by their divine soul - but by their animal impulses/biological instincts (which sends out messages in your body that basically say 'if it feels good keep doing it' - with no moral consideration whatsoever) ..if the soul is in control you will become addicted to nothing, and you will lead a life of self-control in all matters....and your thoughts will trend to ever higher - not lower - considerations.  

Our spirit has it's own immortal consciousness and resembles the physical body it once inhabited in appearance (that is why you easily recognize it), but it does not leave this physical plane of existence if it does not want to, and often it remains in a state that it's physical body died in - if the death was traumatic and sudden, hence some see a mangled spirit appear to linger in the places (like the site of a gruesome & fatal accident) - or appear to the still living people that it frequented & knew in it's physical life. The soul leaves the body upon physical death and no force can hold it here, but the spirit can choose to remain here for a time (long centuries or short days). People see the spirits of the dead in the same places it lived in physical form - and they say that place is haunted by the deceased.....do not see it as 'haunted' , but see instead that the spirit which cannot be destroyed and has chosen to linger, merely remains. Several of my deceased loved ones spirits remain with me, but mostly they appear as they did at the happiest time of their physical lives, not because I am special, but because I welcome their presence for as long as they feel they have unfinished business to accomplish in the physical world that they ask me to assist them with; and I understand their predicament as dis-incarnate spirits (no-one sees them and they feel frustrated to be ignored or have their continuing existence denied by their still physically living loved ones), there is no need to fear them, they are still your loved ones, the soul is gone back to where all our souls come from...but you must understand that our consciousness is dual in nature, this is why you will see a holy man - let us take Jesus for example - saying things like 'Father why have you forsaken me' and 'My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass from Me; yet not as I will, but as YOU will"....unless you have no comprehension skills at all - you can clearly see that Jesus was NOT God - because he is TALKING TO GOD...only an insane person talks to himself....Jesus had a physical body with it's carbon copy spirit consciousness unique to him (as you and I have), but the soul that inhabited his body was the divine one, hence he could perform wonders (via the Divine one within him), yet still exhibit typical human emotions, fear, anger, grief - even self doubt. etc....which came from his mortal body & it's own natural spirit conscious self.

However, the spirit can ALSO merge with the divine light consciousness and re-unite with the spirits of it's physically deceased biological ancestors/friends/loved ones, likewise it can also linger here among the still living for as long as it wants (there are also other entities here with us - but very different from us & hostile to us - as well who do NOT come from the same source as we do, but more about them another time).
But the soul is an even higher consciousness...part of the divine supra-consciousness that tried to learn - and ultimately lead our mortal selves to a higher vibrational frequency, sometimes it succeeded (if it was able to control the body), sometimes it failed (if the body and it urges controlled the soul inside it)...and in the case of the latter, the process must be repeated in another time and place on the physical 'reality' until success IS achieved.

This is no 'one-shot deal', just as throughout our own individual physical lives, when we stumble and fall, we can get up and go again.....or we can surrender to despair and never try again for the rest of the current life we are experiencing, but by doing so we not only limit ourselves and our own conscious development, but we hinder our soul and our own supra-conscious progression BACK to the origin state of perfection - as well.

I will return to this as time permits and keep expanding on it, based on questions readers have and submit to me via the comment box below.


Grandfather Eldred Dundas - who's savage murder over a decade ago has never been solved (probably because it was never really investigated in the first place).

Any member of a minority group or even a majority ethnic group still trying to exist under the domination of others (as in Peru, Guatemala, West Papua etc.) knows that 'Justice' as applied by the 'rulers' is nothing more than a double standard that considers their lives to be 'less important' than those of the ilk of the rulers in the artificially constructed Political Nation State that was imposed on them in their own lands by foreigners.

I knew this grandfather you see in the photo above, his nickname was 'Dreddie', he used to make everyone laugh with his witty quips and feisty temper in his under 5 foot tall body. He used to bring the crops he grew in his farm to the village on Pakuri Lokono-Arawak Territory to sell or barter, we looked forward  to his fortnightly canoe trips to the village....because Grandpa 'Dreddie' still used to paddle his dug-out canoe over 12 miles EACH WAY to do this....his Bahi (house) was the most remote from the tribal village, he lived on the northern border of the Tribal Territory of Pakuri and he was our 'frontier guard'.
He was also the brother of my wife's grandmother, and traditionally there is no such title as 'Great Uncle' as people in western society say; the siblings of your grandparent are ALSO called your grandmothers and grandfathers.....so OUR children also called him 'Grandfather' - as did I.
Unfortunately, Grandpa 'Dreddie' was not afraid of anyone and he spoke his mind for the last time to the worst kind of human scum imaginable, criminals who will kill anyone in the name of money...in this case, Grandfather saw some men of Indo-Guyanese ethnicity (people who's ancestors came from India to Guyana in the last 200 years) illegally growing narcotic plants on our tribal lands - and he told them that he was going to report them to the Police (he should have reported them to the warriors instead - he might still be alive today had he done so).
These narco-traffickers ambushed him in the night in his little house far away from everyone else in the tribe...and they murdered him, but it was not as simple and straightforward as that, no...they tortured him brutally first...this little old grandfather.... with extreme cruelty (one of these murdering evil bastards lives a comfy life - thanks to his drug money - in the USA now in a West Indian community, he got a green card - he used to live 'up the Mahaica river' when he murdered Grandfather Eldred).

His body was found floating in the river by his son-in-law, he had been stabbed multiple times all over his body, and his tongue had been been cut out.....these animals who savagely murdered him believe that "his spirit will not be able to say who murdered him" because they cut out his tongue (that might give you a clue as to what 'religion' they practiced).
The matter was reported to the Police, they 'claimed' to have investigated - but found out nothing and charged no-one .....maybe if they were not collecting bribes from the same Narco-traffickers to 'protect' their business...the case MIGHT have been solved (just a crazy guess of mine).

From an indigenous perspective, atrocities like this and MANY others worldwide including - the indigenous children who get sold secretly from orphanages into high society Paedophile rings, or the indigenous girls who get raped by the non-indigenous men (and their sons) - who employ them as household maids, or the abducted-raped- murdered indigenous women & children that number in the tens of thousands of UNSOLVED/UN-INVESTIGATED cases worldwide etc.) happen to us because to the non-indigenous people in OUR lands - Indigenous peoples are their DOGS, and we are inferior to them in their minds (not even considered to be the 'same species' as them), and they expect us to take THEIR abuse - and keep waging our tails and being obedient and loyal to them (just like a pet dog) for the rest of our lives....and when we talk-back to them - or worse (in their minds) - and try to defend ourselves from their abuse - they get enraged and often VIOLENT....because to them (in their racist minds) it is a case of 'how dare this indigenous dog get 'uppity' with me - I shall teach him/her to 'know his/her place'....and to them 'our place' is to be UNDER their feet like doormats that they can wipe as much of their shit off from on their shoes as they want to.

And yet, there are those among us who tell us 'just pray and turn the other cheek, we will be rewarded for our suffering here - in the next life somewhere else'....yes, you keep being their doormats forever like peaceful 'good' little slaves....and die like their abused pet dog that they want you to be....as for me and the warriors who stand with me, we will die on our feet defending ourselves and our people like MEN if we must here and now instead!

Saturday, 28 March 2015


This was not some 'long ago' phenomenon...if you were in Belgium, Europe in 1958 you could take the family to 'go look at some black/red/brown indigenous people' in a Human Zoo! Until these ugly truths are exposed and not swept under the social rug - the roots of these evils will never be up-rooted and permanently destroyed from in the hearts of men. Constantly saying 'leave the past in the past' or 'get over it and live in the present' WILL NOT SOLVE THE PROBLEM...because if you know anything about history - you will know that HISTORY OFTEN REPEATS ITSELF

Deep Racism: The Forgotten History Of Human Zoos

Racism is deeply embedded in our culture.  Slavery of African people, ethnic cleansing of Native Americans and colonialist imperialism are seeds that intertwine to create racism that still has impacts today.  One example of the sad human history of racism — of colonizers seeing themselves as superior to others — is the long history of human zoos that featured Africans and conquered indigenous peoples, putting them on display in much the same way as animals. People would be kidnapped and brought to be exhibited in human zoos.  It was not uncommon for these people to die quickly, even within a year of their captivity. This history is long and deep and continued into the 1950s.  Several articles below with lots of photos so we can see the reality of this terrible legacy. KZ

Through the 1950s, Africans and Native Americans Were Kept In Zoos As Exhibit

By M.B. David
Political Blindspot, February 13, 2013
Throughout the early 20th century, Germany held what was termed a, “Peoples Show,” or Völkerschau. Africans were brought in as carnival or zoo exhibits for passers-by to gawk at.
Throughout the late 19th century, and well into the 1950′s, Africans and in some cases Native Americans, were kept as exhibits in zoos. Far from a relic from an unenlightened past, remnants of such exhibits have continued in Europe as late as the 2000′s.
Throughout the late 19th century, and well into the 1950′s, Africans and in some cases Native Americans, were kept as exhibits in zoos. Far from a relic from an unenlightened past, remnants of such exhibits have continued in Europe as late as the 2000′s. Above photograph is from  Brussels, Belgium in 1958.
Brussels, Belgium in 1958
Only decades before, in the late 1800′s, Europe had been filled with, “human zoos,” in cities like Paris, Hamburg, Antwerp, Barcelona, London, Milan, and Warsaw. New York too saw these popular exhibits continue into the 20th century. There was an average of 200,000 to 300,000 visitors who attended each exhibition in each city.
Carl Hagenbeck of Germany ran exhibits of what he called, “purely natural,” populations, usually East Asian Islanders, but in 1876, he also sent a collaborator to the Sudan to bring back, “wild beasts and Nubians.” The traveling Nubian exhibit was a huge success in cities like Paris, London, and Berlin.
The World’s Fair, in 1889 was visited by 28 million people, who lined up to see 400 indigenous people as the major attraction. The 1900 World’s Fair followed suit, as did the Colonial Exhibitions in Marseilles (1906 and 1922) and in Paris (1907 and 1931) which displayed naked or semi-naked humans in cages. Paris saw 34 million people attend their exhibition in six months alone.
Just four years shy of the 20th century, the Cincinnati Zoo kept one hundred Sioux Native Americans in a mock village at the zoo for three months.
Ota Benga at Bronx Zoo
Ota Benga at Bronx Zoo
In 1906, the amateur anthropologist Madison Grant, who was the head of the New York Zoological Society, put a Congolese pygmy Ota Benga, on display at the Bronx Zoo in New York City. The display was in the primate exhibit, and Ota was often made to carry around chimpanzees and other apes. Eugenicist and zoo director William Hornaday labeled Ota, “The Missing Link.” The public flocked to see the display.
Benga shot targets with a bow and arrow, wove twine, and wrestled with an orangutan. Although, according to the New York Times, “few expressed audible objection to the sight of a human being in a cage with monkeys as companions,” controversy erupted as black clergymen in the city took great offense. “Our race, we think, is depressed enough, without exhibiting one of us with the apes,” said the Reverend James H. Gordon, superintendent of the Howard Colored Orphan Asylum in Brooklyn. “We think we are worthy of being considered human beings, with souls.”
In 1906, the Bronx Zoo kept Ota Benga on a human exhibit. The sign outside of her fenced in area of the primate exhibit read, “Age, 23 years. Height, 4 feet 11 inches. Weight, 103 pounds. Brought from the Kasai River, Congo Free State, South Central Africa, by Dr. Samuel P. Verner. Exhibited each afternoon during September.”
These sorts of, “human zoos,” continued even later. The Brussels 1958 World’s Fair kept a Congolese village on display. Even as late as April 1994, an Ivory Coast village was kept as part of an African safari in Port-Saint-Père (Planète Sauvage), near Nantes, France.
In Germany, as late as 2005, Augsburg’s zoo in Germany had similar exhibits. In August 2005, London Zoo also displayed humans wearing fig leaves, and in 2007, Adelaide Zoo housed people in a former ape enclosure by day. They were, of course, allowed to return home at night, unlike many of the earlier incarnations of these racist displays.
Many people console themselves with the belief that the racism of yesterday remains safely in the past. But the echoes of the, “human zoo,” into recent years show that this is far from the case. The racism of the past continues to bleed through into the present.

UNCOVERED: The Haunting ‘Human Zoo’ of Paris

Messy Nessy Chic, March 2, 2012
In the furthest corner of the Vincennes woods of Paris, lies the remains of what was once a public exhibition to promote French colonialism over 100 years ago and what we can only refer to today as the equivalent of a human zoo.
In 1907, six different villages were built in the Jardin d’Agronomie Tropicale, representing all the corners of the French colonial empire at the time– Madagascar, Indochine, Sudan, Congo, Tunisia and Morocco. The villages and their pavillions were built to recreate the life and culture as it was in their original habitats. This included mimicking the architecture, importing the agriculture and appallingly, inhabiting the replica houses with people, brought to Paris from the faraway territories.
The human inhabitants of the ‘exhibition’ were observed by over one million curious visitors  from May until October 1907 when it ended. It it estimated that between 1870 up until the 1930s, more than one and a half a billion people visited various exhibits around the world featuring human inhabitants.
In 1906, this Congolese replica “factory” was built in Marseille as part of a colonial exposition. Congolese families were also brought over to work in the factory. In February 2004 its remains were burnt down.
Today, the Jardin d’Agronomie Tropicale is treated as a stain on France’s history. Kept out of sight behind rusty padlocked gates for most of the 20th century, the buildings are abandoned and decaying, and the rare exotic plantations have long disappeared.
In 2006 the public was granted access to the gardens but few people actually visit at all. The entrance is marked by a 10 ft Asian inspired portico of rotting wood and faded red paint that stands like the ghost of a slain gatekeeper. Visitors can instantly feel a sense of anxiety upon entering and quickly develop an understanding that this is not a place that the French are proud of. A hundred years on and there’s still an eerie presence of ladies clutching sun parasols and men in bowler hats arriving, eager to see the show on the other side of this now crumbling colonnade.
Only some of the pathways remain clear of overtaking nature and they all lead to various vandalized monuments, condemned houses with danger signs and abandoned paraphernalia that you can’t make any sense of.
A doorway to one of the houses at the Indonesian pavillion
The Moroccan pavillion
I sneaked over a fence into this eerie structure hidden at the back of the park, a workshop where scientists and students came to study tropical wood brought back from the colonies. 
More than thirty-five thousand men, women and children left their homelands during the high noon of Imperialist Europe and took part in ‘exotic spectacles’ held in major cities like Paris, London and Berlin. Entire families recruited from the colonies were placed in replicas of their villages, given mock traditional costumes and paid to put on a show for spectators. An opportunity to demonstrate the power of the West over its colonies, the expositions became a regular part of international trade fairs and encouraged a taste for exoticism and remote travel.
Europeans gawked at bare-breasted African women and were entertained by re-enactments of “primitive life” in the colonies. Here, anthropologists and researchers could observe whole villages of tribespeople and gather physical evidence for their theories on racial superiority.
The Tunisian pavilion. 
While the villagers had come to Paris of their own free will and were paid to be on display, they were equally oppressed, exploited and degraded. The distinction between person and specimen was blurred. They were not guests here. They were nameless faces on the other side of a barrier.
When the Exposition Tropicale ended its four month run in October 1907, it is unknown how many of the participants returned home safely. Villagers were enticed by lecherous agents or even mislead by their own village chiefs into joining circus-like troupes that toured internationally. From Marseille to New York, their vulnerability in a capitalist world was exploited every step of the way.
Some would eventually find their way home after a few years, but others would never make it. If they didn’t fall victim to diseases unknown to them; smallpox, measles, tuberculosis; they would die of adversity in an alien world.
There are rumors that one building, the Indochine pavillion, will be refurbished to function as a small museum and research centre. It may be an intelligent solution to a touchy subject. If the French government destroyed the gardens, there would be accusations of trying to cover up the past. If they were fully restored, it might be construed as a commemoration to a France’s once very sinister use of power.
And so the garden remains, hauntingly beautiful; a neglected embarrassment.
Gardeners stopped coming a long time ago. Wild and verdant, mutations of untamed tropical plants plucked from their homelands are left to fester in a junkyard of French colonial history. They are the ghosts of this purgatory, waiting for a ticket home.
Address: Jardin d’Agronomie Tropicale, 45 bis Avenue de la Belle Gabrielle, 75012 Paris. RER station: Nogent-sur-Marne

Sarah’s Story: A Colonial Showpiece

The primitiveness of putting the ‘primitive’ on display began during the modern period when explorers like Columbus and Vespucci lured natives back to Europe from their homelands. To prove the discovery of exotic lands, the natives were flaunted and paraded like trophies. But what began as curious awe deteriorated into an era of racial superiority and the invention of the savage.
A 20 year-old girl from South Africa known as Sarah “Saartjie” Baartman would be emblematic of the dark era that gave rise to the popularity of human zoos. She was recruited by an exotic animal-dealer on location in Cape Town and traveled to London in 1810 to take part in an exhibition. The young woman went willingly under the pretense that she would find wealth and fame. Exhibitors were looking for certain qualities in their ‘exotic’ recruits that either coincided with the European beauty ideal or offered unexpected novelty. Sarah had a genetic characteristic known as steatopygia; a protuberant buttocks and elongated labia.
She found herself being exhibited in cages at sideshow attractions dressed in tight-fitting clothing that violated any cultural norms of decency at the time. A few years later she came to Paris where racial anthropologists poked and prodded and made their theories. Sarah eventually turned to prostitution to support herself and drank heavily. She had been in Europe for only four years.
When she died in poverty, Sarah’s skeleton, sexual organs and brain were put on display at the Museum of Mankind in Paris where they remained until 1974. In 2002, President Nelson Mandela formally requested the repatriation of her remains. Nearly two hundred years after she had stood on deck and watched her world disappear behind her, Sarah Baartman finally went home, where the air smelled of buchu and mint, and the veld called out her name.


Trip Down Memory LaneOctober 1, 2012
It is general historical knowledge that African civilization came before the rise of caucasian race. However, the Eurocentric historians have always tried to make Africa and other human race to seem inferior to the caucasian race. The historical achievement of civilizations like both the Egyptian and Nubian civilization were hidden until recently historians like Cheikh Anta Diop, Ivan Sertima, Amiri Baraka, Molefi Kete Asante,Rashidi Runoko and others came in to reveal it to the world.Africans and people from other race contributed immensely in literature,science,astrology,music and other forms of art. Despite all this, with the rise of caucasian race in human race recently in history, they rather saw all other race especially Africans (blacks)  as primitive beings whose mental capacity are akin to that of apes or monkeys. So in other to erroneously satisfy their myopic theory of Darwinism human zoos were erected across Europe to make mockery of other human race.
The Europeans/caucasians claim American native Indians were cannibals ( a word coined by Christopher Columbus upon landing in new world) but cannibalism has been well-known in Europe for many years.
In Gough’s Cave, England, remains of human bones and skulls from approximately 15,000 years ago, suggest that cannibalism took place amid the people living in the cave.
Archaeologists can trace back evidence to about 7,000 years ago proving mass cannibalism in Germany – even children and unborn babies were on the menu.
The Gruesome History of Eating Corpses as Medicine
Eating other humans’ flesh and drinking their blood for medicinal purposes is well-documented:
Take when Pope Innocent VIII was on his deathbed in 1492, his doctors used vampire-like technique on 3 boys and had the pope drink their blood. The boys were bled until they died, and the pope died as well. Of course this was the same time that Columbus “discovered” America and coined the word “cannibal.”
The medical journal, The Lancet, published an article regarding corpse medicine. The article recounts notable doctors of 1600s England digging up bodies to use the bones for medicine. Noted in the article was the fact the human body was widely acknowledged as the “therapeutic agent”.
Medical treatments included ingesting flesh, bone, or blood, along with a variety of moss sometimes found on human skulls right up until the late 18th century. Use of medicines made from blood and other human body parts was widespread in Europe. Fresh blood was used as a cure for epilepsy and other body parts to treat a variety of diseases, including arthritis, warts, diseases of the reproductive system, sciatica, and even teenage acne…
One of the books this stuff is documented in Cannibal The History of People Eaters.
It’s quite a conceit to present the cultures of non-white peoples as deviant and hold them and their cultures up to spectacle….whilst whites and European cultures are quarantined as inherently sound and their cultures as apexes of civilization.
Europeans had no ethical or moral issues at all with cannibalism – for example – until the 19th century. The bodies of other humans was just another natural product available for use and recycling.
Candles made of human fat were used up until the 1880s.
King Charles II of England sipped ‘The King’s Drops’, a powder mix of human skull with alcohol.
Thomas Willis, a 17th-century pioneer of brain science, would routinely brewed a drink for apoplexy (or bleeding), that mingled powdered human skull and chocolate.
Did other Europeans consider these practices deviant and depraved? Was the King of England or respectable English scholar merely ‘racially primitive’ because of the liquids they drank?
Of course not, after all, a French Franciscan monk of the same time was making marmalade out of human blood, and even wrote a recipe for it. The instructions, in part, read like this:
“stir it to a batter with a knife…pound it…through a sieve of finest silk.”
Jam-making aside, the eating of human bodies could also be used as military weapon – something that was traditionally buried, down-played and ignored – in the way that rape in war has been hidden or dismissed.
Take the Crusades, for example. The 1st Crusade in particular, and the Siege of Maarat, or Ma’arra, in 1098 in the city of Ma’arrat al-Numan, in what is modern-day Syria. An eyewitness of the siege wrote, “In Ma’arra our troops boiled pagan adults in cooking-pots; they impaled children on spits and devoured them grilled.” The chronicler Albert of Aix seemed to rank Muslims lower than dogs when he wrote, “Not only did our troops not shrink from eating dead Turks and Saracens; they also ate dogs!”
Guibert of Nogent, in his work Historia Hierosolymitana noted that the Christian barbarians (or Tafurs) were feared by the Muslims because of their cannibalism. For that reason, on at least one occasion, the Tafurs publicly “roasted the bruised body of a Turk over a fire as if it were meat for eating, in full view of the Turkish forces.”
Guibert notes that the Franks (Germanic clans) also practiced cannibalism, but they did so “in secret and as rarely as possible.”
With all these past,the blacks and people of other race did not see Europeans as primitive and of inferior brains to use against them. In fact, when Africa had introduced way of writing the white race was oblivious of how to communicate through letters. Yet when the whites of yore got the opportunity of enlightenment it did not take them long to see all other human race as inferior to them even when some of them were aware that that perception was and is still wrong. They rather went on to introduce human zoos to shame fellow humankind.
Advertising post for human zoo in Germany
Human Zoos
Human zoos were 19th and 20th century public exhibits of people like a museum pieces (also known as “an ethnological exposition”, “the exhibition of human beings” and “a Negro Village”)- mostly non-Europeans. Africans, Asians, Indigenous people and many others were often caged and displayed in a makeshift ‘natural habitat’. These human displays were very popular and shown at world fairs where they drew Europeans and Americans in their tens of millions – from Paris to Hamburg, London to New York, Moscow to Barcelona.
The Edmond Pezon’s menagerie: this is Zizi-Bamboula.
This curiosity regarding indigenous races had a history at least as long as colonialism and Columbus brought indigenous Americans from his voyages in the New World to the Spanish court in 1493. Human zoos and exhibitions of exotic populations became common in the 1870s in the midst of the New Imperialism period. They could be found in many places including Hamburg, Antwerp, Barcelona, London, Milan, New York, and Warsaw, and hundreds of thousands of people visited these exhibitions.
Negro Village
The goal of that was to demonstrate people born in Asia and Africa, and show their primitive and sometimes even savage lifestyle. Such zoos, especially in Germany, had strongly pronounced racist implication, which was taken from the Social Darwinism currents, when people from Africa were often demonstrated together with monkeys in order to show their common origin.
This is the settlement of Iroquoises. People wear their traditional costumes and headwears decorated with feathers.
In 1874, Carl Hagenbeck, a German merchant in wild animals and entrepreneur of many Europeans zoos, decided to exhibit Samoan and Sami people (Laplanders) as ‘purely natural’ populations. In 1876, he sent a collaborator to the Egyptian Sudan to bring back some wild beasts and Nubian people.
Hagenback`s human zoo “Sudanese troupe”
The Nubian exhibit was very successful in Europe and toured Paris, London, and Berlin. He also dispatched an agent to Labrador to secure a number of ‘Esquimaux’ (Inuit) from the settlement of Hopedale; these Inuit were exhibited in his Hamburg Tierpark.
A family of Labradorean Eskimo is in Hamburg or Berlin Zoo, 1880. They adopted Christianity and took German names. Men’s name was Abraham Ulrikab, his wife’s name was Ulrika, they had two children — Sarah and Mary, their nephew’s name was Tobias; there were another family with them. It was the way to earn money for them; the family was to clear off debts and needed money. All of them died within five months because of smallpox which they didn’t have immunity to. Abraham Ulrikab made notes writing the Inuktuit language; he described all the humiliations that his family underwent.
Geoffroy de Saint-Hilaire, director of the Jardin d’acclimatation, decided in 1877 to organize two ethnological spectacles that presented Nubians and Inuit. That year, the audience of the Jardin d’acclimatation doubled to one million.
African child in Negro village being fed like a monkey
Between 1877 and 1912, approximately thirty ethnological exhibitions were presented at the Jardin zoologique d’acclimatation.
Native people of Suriname were displayed in the International Colonial and Export Exhibition in Amsterdam held behind the Rijksmuseum in 1883.
Ceylonese citizens were also shown at such exhibitions.
Both the 1878 and the 1889 Parisian World Fairs presented a Negro Village (village nègre). Visited by 28 million people, the 1889 World Fair displayed 400 indigenous people as the major attraction.
The idea of “a Negro Village” was the most popular in Germany, where the ideas of Social Darwinism were widely spread and accepted by many people. Even Otto Bismarck visited “the Negro Village” exhibition.
Negro Village
The 1900 World Fair presented tin nude in cages, often nude or semi nude.
“Negro Villages” are at the exhibitions in France.
Parisian world fair
The 1931 exhibition in Paris was so successful that 34 million people attended it in six months, while a smaller counter-exhibition entitled The Truth on the Colonies, organized by the Communist Party, attracted very few visitors.
This is a Somalia village, which was demonstrated in Luna Park, St. Petersburg.
Negro Village
One of the first modern public human exhibitions was PT Barnum’s exhibition of Joice Heth on February 25, 1835. Joice Heth (c.1756–February 19, 1836) was an African American slave. In 1835 toward the end of her life, blind and almost completely paralysed (she could talk, and had some ability to move her right arm), she was purchased by PT Barnum. He began his career as a showman by exhibiting her, claiming she was the 160-yearold nurse of George Washington. She died the next year; in all probability no more than 80 years old.
The Chinese Siamese twins Chang and Eng Bunker.
A caricature of Saartjie Baartman, called theHottentot Venus. Born to a Khoisan family, she was displayed in London in the early 19th century. Saartjie Baartman of the Namaqua, referred to as ‘the Hottentot Venus’, who was displayed in
London until her death in 1815.
This is Tuareg.
During the 1850s, Maximo and Bartola, two microcephalic children from Central America, were exhibited in the US and Europe under the names ‘Aztec Children’ and ‘Aztec Lilliputians’.
Five Indians from the Kawesqar tribe (Tierra del Fuego, Chili) were kidnapped in 1881 and transported to Europe to be demonstrated in a human being zoo. All of them died a year later.
The whole thing was staged and played to Western stereotypes:
African mother and child in negro village
  • Arabs were like in “Thousand and One Nights” from the 1300s.
  • American Indians were like in the cowboy-and-Indian books of the time.
  • South Sea Islanders were bare breasted and carefree – even though, as Gauguin discovered, that world was long gone if it ever was (but painted it anyway).
  • Black Africans were shown as savage hunters, spears and all, just a step above wild animals – even though most Africans of the time were herders and farmers. One show was called “Gorilla Negroes”.
      The picture of Australian aborigines, the Crystal Palace, 1884.
The Pygmies at the St Louis fair, on the other hand, liked to smoke cigars and wear top hats, which screwed up the show’s racist evolutionary ranking.
Pygmies were made to dance during numerous exhibitions to entertain visitors.
Some feared for the safety of white women. In both Victorian England and Nazi Germany, some opposed the shows out of fear of race mixing between black men and white women.
Africans shooting archery in 1904 St Louis “Savage Olympics Exhibition”
Human Zoo
At least as late as 2005 you could still see “African tribesmen” in grass skirts at a Western zoo (in Augsburg, Germany). But since the 1930s such things have become uncommon: film, and later television and cheap air travel, were able to give Westerners a much richer-seeming (but not always truer) experience of native peoples.
It is a very shameful period for Europeans, when people earned money kidnapping other people and showing them to others. So, the last African disappeared from the European Zoos in 1936. However, the last “Negro Village” was demonstrated at the Expo exhibition in Brussels in 1958.
As if this human zoo racism against blacks are over, recently in India the govt decided to use the tribal hinterland black Andamanese for human zoo to generate tourist attraction to their country. Though the intended human zoo did not materialized but some Indians force Andamanese to dance for tourist in their nakedness for money.
Andamanese girls that were being used as human zoo by the Indian govt.
A human zoo, which features women from a protected tribe dancing for tourists in exchange for food, opened on India’s Andaman Islands.
Jarawa tribal women — some of them naked — are being lured to dance and sing for tourists and to live in a “Jarawa Habitat”.
Under Indian laws designed to protect ancient tribal groups susceptible to outside influence and disease, photographing or coming into contact with the Jarawa and some of the Andaman aborigines had been banned, but the Indian government seems to be looking the other way on the Human Zoo.
Tourists shoot photos and video of a ancient tribe, an indigenous people belonging to the Indian Andaman Islands, and treat them like animals in a zoo.
The tribe, thought to have been among the first people to migrate successfully from Africa to Asia, lives a nomadic existence in the lush, tropical forests of the Andamans in the Indian Ocean.
India’s Tribal Affairs Minister Sanjay Krishnabba Chandra said that they are looking into the situation to make sure that all the women in the zoo are treated properly – feed, bathed and cared for on a daily basis.
SeMany Indian citizens are outraged about the Human Zoo.
“It’s deplorable. You cannot treat human beings like beasts for the sake of money. Whatever kind of tourism is that, I totally disapprove of that and it is being banned also,”  an Indian MP added. “(source:ehttp://weeklyworldnews.com/headlines/42430/human-zoo-opens-in-india/) the story below:

‘Human Zoo’ Allowed Tourists to Throw Bananas at Islanders

What horrible human outrages does this monstrous world of ours bring today? Video of a “human zoo” in India’s Andaman Islands, featuring women from the Jarawa tribe, ordered to dance for tourists in exchange for food.
The video, first published by Guardian sister paper The Observerapparently depicts a bribed policeman ordering the women to dance for tourists “on safari.”
“Dance,” the policeman instructed. The girls in front of him, naked from the waist up, obeyed. A tourist’s camera panned round to another young woman, also naked and awkwardly holding a bag of grain in front of her. “Dance for me,” the policeman commanded.
To shield tribes like the Jarawa from disease and culture shock, Indian laws ban outsiders from seeking out or photographing the people. Nonetheless,
On the day the Observer visited, when the gates opened the cameras immediately started clicking. Tourists threw bananas and biscuits to the tribes people at the roadside, as they would to animals in a safari park
This tribe began to have a contact with the modern world only at the end of XX century. Its population is about 300-400 people, locals and tourists are banned from contacting them, take their pictures and videos, otherwise, the offender will be arrested and brought to justice.However, for a bribe – about $ 560 – tourists may violate these prohibitions, and local police turn a blind eye to it.
[T]he price of a day out with the Jarawa: up to 15,000 rupees (£185) to buy off the police, another 10,000-15,000 rupees on top of that for a car, a driver, gifts for the Jarawa, and biscuits and snacks. Contact is guaranteed, he promised.
Believed to be the descendants of the first humans to migrate successfully from Africa to Asia, there are roughly 400 Jarawa alive today, the AFP reports. They began “to venture out of the jungle in any numbers” in 1998, prompting the government to create “a buffer zone” for the tribe in 2007. “Forced coexistence would be total genocide for them,” according to Anstice Justin, head of the region’s Anthropological Survey of India.
Though officials mostly agree that outrage is the appropriate response to this video (even those opposed to the protection laws don’t want this scandal attached to them) there is some dissent over the appropriate amount of outrage. We return to the AFP:
“Before the 2004 tsunami, people might have forced them to dance and there may have been some much smaller violations since then,” Justin said by telephone from the capital Port Blair.
“The video appears to be six to seven years old when Jarawas remained unclothed but now they wear dresses in public,” Director-General of Police Samsher Deol said.
The bribed officer from the video will reportedly “have his future promotion delayed by six months” as punishment.
It is about time every black person living everywhere should be given a needed protection and right to their dignified way of living without exploitation by the governments that control their lives. These Andamanese are the original inhabitants of India before the so-called white Indian Skin came to occupy their land. They must be seen as the bonafide owners of the land and if no compensation is given to them by the Indian government,their right to a dignified living must not be exploited through human zoo experimentation in the name of tourism. It is so racist and disrespectful to this ancient tribe of African origin.
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